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Cross Border Trade


India – USA

India and USA enjoy strong bilateral ties owing to regular exchanges at the leadership level. The two countries actively cooperate on multiple fronts such as defense, terrorism, trans-national crimes, illicit financing and counterfeiting, narcotics, cyber security, climate and clean energy, science and technology and space, health, and education.

USA was India’s second-largest trading partner with a bilateral trade of US$ 146 billion in 2019. While exports reached a record high of US$ 87.4 billion, imports from the USA stood at US$ 58.6 billion.

During 2020-21, USA was the largest source of FDI into India, with inflows of US$ 13.80 billion. USA is one of the top 5 investment destinations for Indian FDI.

Several bilateral dialogue mechanisms have been implemented to strengthen the economic ties between the two countries, such as the India-US trade policy forum, India-US commercial dialogue, India-US CEO forum, ICT, EFP, etc.

An estimated 4.2 million Indian Americans reside in the USA, making Indians the third-largest Asian ethnic group. Indian Americans are among the most successful immigrant communities in the US.

Source:Embassy of India, Washington D.C., USA

India – Canada

India and Canada’s ties saw remarkable transformation during the Indian Prime Minister’s visit to Canada in 2015. The two countries signed the MOUs in space technology, rail transportation, civil aviation, biotechnology, atomic energy, manufacturing skills, agriculture, electronic tourist visas, and Canadian nationals’ ten-year visas.

During 2020, bilateral trade in goods and services stood at US$ 7.15 billion. Wherein Indian exports amounted to US$ 4.11 billion, and imports stood at US$ 3.04 billion. At the same time, bilateral trade in services reached US$ 4.02 billion.

Major Indian exports to Canada include gems, jewelry, precious stones, pharmaceutical products, ready-made garments, mechanical appliances, etc. At the same time, imports include pulses, wood pulp, asbestos, potash, copper, etc.

Canadian Pension Funds have pledged to invest approximately US$ 55 billion in India.

Over 600 Canadian companies operate in the Indian market, and more than 1,000 companies are willing to enter India. Indian companies’ presence in Canada can be seen mainly in IT, software, steel, natural resources, and the banking sector.

Canada is home to 1.6 million Indians, around 3 percent of its population. The Canadian educational institutions have a significant number of Indian students pursuing various niche-specific courses.

Source:High Commission of India, Ottawa, Canada

India – UAE

Bilateral trade between India and UAE stood at US$ 59 billion for the year 2019-20. With exports amounting to the US$ 29 billion, UAE has become the second-largest export market for India after the US.

Indian exports to UAE are diversified in nature and include petroleum products, precious metals, stones, gems and jewellery, food items, and textiles. India’s major imports are minerals, chemicals, wood, and wood products. Crude oil amounting to 21.83 MMT was also imported during the same period.

UAE has invested nearly US$ 11 billion by March 2019, out of which US$ 6.65 billion was in the form of FDI and the rest in the form of portfolio investment. These investments are mainly concentrated in services, sea transport, power, and construction sectors.

There are around 3.3 million Indians living in UAE. US$ 17.56 billion worth of remittances were received during the year 2018.

Source: Embassy of India, Abu Dhabi, United Arab Emirates

India – Japan

India and Japan bilateral trade between the two countries amounted to US$ 16.95 billion in 2019-20. During this period, Japan’s exports to India totalled US$ 12.43 billion, while imports stood at US$ 4.52 billion.

India’s major exports to Japan include petroleum products, chemicals, elements, compounds, non-metallic mineral ware, textile yarn, and fabrics, etc.

India’s major imports include machinery, iron and steel products, plastic materials, non-ferrous metals, parts of motor vehicles, organic chemicals, etc.

Around 1460 Japanese companies operate on Indian soil, while over 100 Indian firms operate in Japan.

Japan ranks fifth among the largest source of investors, and the cumulative investments for the period 2000 to 2010 amounts to US$ 34.152 billion. Japan has been the largest bilateral donor assisting India since 1958.

More than forty thousand Indians live in Japan. Indians from varied fields such as IT, engineering, management, finance are working and prospering in Japan.

Source: Embassy of India, Tokyo, Japan

India – Europe

European Union is India’s third-largest trading partner after China and USA. During 2020, trade in goods between India and the EU stood at €62.8 billion, which is around 11.1 percent of total Indian business.

On the other hand, India is the 10th largest trading partner for the EU, accounting for a meagre 1.8 percent of the EU’s total trade in goods in 2020.

Trade in goods between the EU and India has increased by 12.5 percent in the last decade.

Trade in services between India and the EU amounted to €32.7 billion in 2020. EU’s foreign investment share rose from 8 to 18 percent in the last decade, making the EU the top foreign investor in India.

In 2019, the EU invested €75.8 billion through the FDI route, far below what the EU has invested in China (€198.7 billion) and Brazil (€318.9 billion).

Nearly 6000 European companies are operating in India.

Source: European Commission

India – Brazil

India and Brazil share a close bilateral relationship with alliances at plurilateral forums such as G-4, G-20, ISA, IBSA, BRICS, BASIC and Biofuture Platform. The cooperation is extended to multilateral forums such as the UN, WTO, WIPO, and UNESCO.

Bilateral relations between the two countries hit a historic high in January 2020 with the signing of 15 MOUs during the Brazilian president’s visit. These MOUs will help widen the cooperation in health and medicine, cyber security, science and technology, animal husbandry, and dairy.

In the year 2019, total bilateral trade between the two countries stood at US$ 7.02 billion. India was the 7th largest exporter of goods and services valued at US$ 4.257 billion, while imports during the same period were valued at US$ 2.763 billion.

Major exports included chemicals, pharmaceutical products, and machinery, while top imports were auto parts, medical instruments, wood, and rubber.

There is a small Indian community estimated to be around 5000 people concentrated in Sao Paulo, Rio de Janeiro, and Manaus.

Source: Embassy of India, Brasilia, Brazil